What are Stable Coins?

Nalikes Studio
3 min readNov 8, 2022

Cryptocurrencies have a lot of benefits, but one of their biggest drawbacks is their volatility. For instance, the value of coins may be at an all-time high today then plummet to the ground the next morning.

In cryptocurrency land, stablecoins are designed to offer safe digital assets which retain a stable valuation.

How Do Stablecoins Work?

Stablecoins make an attempt to peg their market value to an external asset, typically a fiat currency. Additionally, they keep reserve assets on hand through the use of algorithmic supply-controlling methods or as collateral.

What Is the Purpose of Stablecoin?

Stablecoins offer a brand-new area of the cryptocurrency market. These tokens are intended to function steadily, as their name implies.

The significant volatility of well-known cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin (BTC), and Ethereum (ETH), which can make cryptocurrencies less appropriate for routine transactions,

many crypto projects are actively exploring ways to reduce risk and increase involvement in the crypto ecosystem. The buying, selling, or stop, loss found in traditional markets are far from the only choices available today. Instead, the assets themselves are being built with price stability.

What Kind of Stablecoins are there?

Four primary stablecoin types are identifiable by their underlying collateral structure: fiat-backed, crypto-backed, commodity-backed, and algorithmic.

Fiat-backed stablecoins include:

  • USDC (Coinbase)
  • Tether
  • GUSD (Gemini)
  • BUSD (Binance)

Crypto-Collateralized stablecoins include:

Stablecoin Regulation

Regulators continue to closely monitor stablecoins in light of the market’s $130 billion valuation, which has grown quickly, and its potential to have an impact on the larger financial system.

In July 2022, the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) published their final guidance on stablecoin arrangements.

Which Is the most popular Stablecoin?

Tether (USDT) is the most widely used and valuable stablecoin in terms of market capitalization.

It is backed by gold reserves and has a 1:1 peg to the U.S. dollar. You can find Tether on most major crypto exchanges, including Binance, Coinbase, FTX, Rain and others.

Risks and Drawbacks of Stablecoins

Stablecoins were once considered to be fool-proof digital substitutes, but the past year has brought to light a number of significant shortcomings. Stablecoins are seen as having low risk when compared to other digital assets, however this does not imply that there is no danger involved.

Security: Digital wallets, and by default, digital currencies, are not FDIC-insured, in contrast to conventional bank accounts. Your money vanishes if your hot or cold wallet is compromised, misplaced, or stolen.

Reserve risk: Does the organization that supports the stablecoin genuinely hold the reserves and collateralized assets necessary to support the stablecoin? Even a cryptocurrency like Tether, which is regarded as one of the most reliable, has sparked doubt about the reliability of its reserves.

Technical risk: This is crucial for algorithmic stablecoins because they don’t have any real currency reserves to back them up. Stablecoins could not be as steady as they seem, as we saw with the Terra fiasco. Algorithms aren’t flawless, and given how fresh the field is, very few have been put to the test or in other times of low demand.

The Conclusion

Stablecoins offer a cheaper and faster alternative to payment processing and international remittances, giving rise to the first real-world use case for digital assets. We anticipate that the impact of digital wallets will grow over time as they increase access to financial services for underbanked people.

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Credits: Nalikes Studio